Joint injuries

Photo: Samuli Raappana / Suomen Punainen Risti

Joint injury occurs when the ligaments surrounding the joint stretch or tear.

Joint injuries, i.e. sprains, can occur easily as a result of falls, collisions or limb twists.

Joint injury occurs when the ligaments surrounding the joint stretch or tear. Even other soft tissues, such as muscles and tendons, may be injured. A sprained joint causes bleeding in the subcutaneous tissue.

In addition to pain, the injured area gathers fluids and swells. A bruise can also sometimes appear in the area. The injury is not always visible. Sometimes, a joint may be dislocated and remain in a clearly visible malposition. A sprained limb cannot be used as normal. 

First aid for a joint injury

Photo: Joonas Brandt / Finnish Red Cross

1. Apply pressure to the injured area immediately.

2. Apply cold to the area for approximately 15–20 minutes. Do not apply cold directly to the skin.

Photo: Joonas Brandt / Finnish Red Cross

3. Bandage the injury carefully to support the joint and the cold.

4. If necessary, help the injured person to a doctor.

5. If a joint is dislocated, leave it in the malposition and help the injured person to a doctor. Support the joint and immobilise it as far as possible for the duration of the transport.

6. Call 112, if necessary.

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Sprain injury. Video: Samuli Raappana / Finnish Red Cross

Always call the emergency number 112 whenever someone’s life, health, property, or the environment are in danger or threatened or you suspect this to be the case.

How to make an emergency call

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