Asthma attack

Photo: Samuli Raappana / Suomen Punainen Risti

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the mucous membranes in the bronchi, often based on allergy.

An asthma attack is caused by a state of contraction in the bronchi, causing the air flow to the lungs to shrink, making breathing difficult.

Some of the common causes of asthma are pollen and animal dander, scents and other allergens, respiratory infections, physical activity and stress. Symptoms of asthma include breathing difficulties and wheezing while exhaling, speech difficulties and blue lips.

People suffering from asthma are usually familiar with their illness and often carry the required medication with them in case of an attack.

First aid for someone who is having an asthma attack

1. Ask if the person needs help.

2. Help them to take their own medication.

3. Help them into a position where breathing is easier (such as sitting and leaning forward).

4. If the symptoms do not ease, call 112


Always call the emergency number 112 whenever someone’s life, health, property, or the environment are in danger or threatened or you suspect this to be the case.

How to make an emergency call

First aid instructions: how to remove a foreign object from the airways of