John Sparrow
Image: John Sparrow
Types of disasters & our work throughout the world

Disasters strike quickly or develop slowly and can, in some cases, even be predicted.

In all cases, they are destructive, disintegrating the operation of communities and, in the worst cases, even entire nations. Material, financial and environmental damage is vast.
Regrettably often people also die or become sick as a result of a disaster. In a disaster situation, external aid is essential.

Disasters are often caused by natural phenomena, but the actions of people may also trigger them.

Disaster types and continents reported by the Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent in 2010:

  • Asia and the Pacific 39%
  • America 27%
  • Africa 25%
  • Europe 13%
  • Northern Africa and Middle East 3%



  • Hydrometeorological, such as floods, storms: 52%
  • Human-induced, such as epidemics, famine, refugees: 20%
  • Geological, such as earthquakes, volcano eruptions: 13%
  • Technical, such as fire, explosion, chemical accidents: 11%
  • Heat/cold, such as heat waves, cold periods: 4%